Periodontal treatments encompass various procedures used to treat diseases of the periodontium, such as periodontitis and gum diseases. The treatment aims to reduce inflammation in the gums, treat infections, and prevent bone loss. Common periodontal treatments include:
Professional teeth cleaning: Removal of plaque and tartar to reduce inflammation.
Scaling and root planing: Removal of tartar and bacterial deposits on the root surface and smoothing the surface to prevent bacterial recolonization.
Antibiotics: Treatment of bacterial infections that cause periodontitis.
Periodontal surgery: Procedures to eliminate deep gum pockets or to reconstruct bone defects.
Periodontal regeneration: A surgical procedure that uses artificial materials or bone replacement substances to promote bone growth.
The appropriate treatment depends on the severity of the condition, individual situation, and the presence of complications. It is important to perform regular check-ups and maintain good oral hygiene practices to reduce the risk of periodontal diseases. An experienced dentist or periodontist can develop an individualized treatment strategy to restore and maintain periodontal health.