A dental prosthesis is an artificial device used to replace missing teeth or gum tissue in the mouth. It is created to restore the functionality, comfort, and aesthetics of the mouth. Dental prostheses can be classified into two main categories: removable and fixed.
Removable dental prostheses are typically used for replacing several missing teeth and are designed to be easily removed and cleaned by the patient. This includes complete or partial dentures, which are made from a variety of materials including acrylic resin, porcelain, and metal.
Fixed dental prostheses, on the other hand, are permanently attached to the existing teeth or dental implants. Examples include crowns, bridges, and implants. Crowns are used to restore damaged or decayed teeth, while bridges are used to replace one or more missing teeth by attaching to adjacent teeth. Dental implants are used to replace the root of a missing tooth and support a prosthetic crown or bridge.
The process of creating a dental prosthesis involves a thorough examination, impressions, and a treatment plan designed by a dentist or prosthodontist. The prosthetic device is then fabricated in a dental laboratory and custom-fit to the patient’s mouth to ensure comfort and functionality. Regular dental check-ups and proper care of the prosthetic device are important to maintain the health of the mouth and the longevity of the dental prosthesis.